Collection & Transport
Large drums are more effective than small bins for transporting wastes un-mixed.
Household waste segregation will fail if the wastes are transported mixed like this.
Single-space handcarts are only useful for bulky garden waste
Mesh tricycles for useful for transporting only dry recyclables
Every human activity generates some discards which need to be utilized or disposed of hygienically. Mixed discards are really Waste, and unusable. Unmixed discards can almost all be put to use. Discards from a home or household are traditionally put just outside the premises nearby. If this is at a neighbour’s doorstep or on a public street, it is unacceptable. So COLLECTION is necessary, preferably at the Doorstep, in PRIMARY COLLECTION VEHICLES for onward transport. If these are designed to collect and transport different wastes unmixed, further PROCESSING for other uses becomes possible, leaving little ultimate waste for DISPOSAL.

India’s Waste-Processing Choices — Good And Bad

India’s urban solid waste disposal is a mess. Thirty million tonnes annually end up on the outskirts of major urban centres, open-dumped in the territory of surrounding villages or smaller towns. This paper describe different technology options and outcomes, their finance and political aspects and signs of hope.


Our National Policy For Solid Waste Management
MS Word Document

In September 2000, India framed its first Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 2000, which lets both cities and their citizens know their duties and responsibilities for hygienic waste management.



Vedic India wasted nothing. Household wastes were fed to livestock or composted in backyard pits and returned to the soil every season. Growing cities urea subsidies and plastic packaging destroyed this sustainable loop. The Supreme Court Committee Report is a wonderful guide to waste management wirtten by city managers for city managers. But we need policy changes too....


Door-to-Door Waste Management with People’s Help

The best way to keep streets clean is not to dirty them at all. Start with DIRTIEST AREAS FIRST!

Drywaste sorting and storage needs dedicated space for a Buy-Back Centre in every Ward
Debris, drain silt, road dust and other inerts should be collected in a separate vehicle at a separate time
Handtools for lifting street sweepings into handcart
Mumbai Handcarts
Handcarts in Uttaranchal
Handcarts designed for unloading into street bins instead of onto the road.
Such manual handling of waste is banned by the MSW Rules
Fixed street bins need not be removed, but can be used as planters to beautify streets
Jaipur Portable Street Bin
Vietnam handcarts unload directly into trucks for onward transport of waste...
... but do not allow for unmixed transport of segregated wastes
Chennai's ground-level Transfer Station is ideal. Waste unloaded in a trough is lifted by rotating grab and loaded into larger trucks